- 5:1-7 – This section describes Judah and Israel as a vineyard that has yielded wild grapes instead of the good, winemaking grapes that were intended. The vintner allows the vineyard to be destroyed.
- 5:6-23 – This is a series of laments of various ways people sin.
- 6:1-4 – This sets the scene for Isaiah’s calling to be God’s prophet. God is described as vast and powerful.
- 6:5 – It is very common for folks in the Bible to be hesitant to accept their callings. They often have excuses.
- 6:6-7 – God always has a solution for people’s excuses.
- 6:8 – Yet another example of a person in Scripture who answers, “Here I am”.
- 6:9-13 – God is fed up with the Israelites unfaithfulness. He sends Isaiah to speak a message of repentance but knows the people won’t listen.
- 7:1-9 – Syria and Israel are in cahoots to attack Jerusalem, which is part of Judah. Isaiah is to assure Judah that Syria and Israel will not prevail.
- 7:14 – This is a clear prophecy of Jesus’ birth, which wouldn’t happen for over 400 years, but is also specifically talking about Isaiah’s son, Immanuel. The book of Isaiah is multi-layered- it will frequently use one short passage to simultaneously talk about what will happen in the near future (for Israel/Judah), the coming of Christ, and the second coming of Christ.